- shame1 S2 [ʃeım] n[: Old English; Origin: scamu]1.) it's a shame/what a shame etcspoken used when you wish a situation was different, and you feel sad or disappointed▪ 'She's failed her test again.' 'What a shame!'▪ It's a shame that you have to leave so soon.▪ What a shame we missed the wedding.it is a shame to do sth▪ It's a shame to cover this beautiful table with a tablecloth.▪ I can't imagine why they canceled your show, Tracy. That's such a shame .a crying/great/terrible shame▪ It was a crying shame that they lost the game.2.) [U]the feeling you have when you feel guilty and embarrassed because you, or someone who is close to you, have done something wrong▪ He felt a deep sense of shame.▪ Maria blushed with shame.▪ To her shame (=it made her feel ashamed) , she gained back all the weight she'd lost.▪ He's brought shame on the whole family.hang/bow your head in shame(=look down, or feel like you should look down, because you feel so ashamed)▪ I bow my head in shame when I think of how I treated her.▪ There's no shame in (=it should not make you feel ashamed) saying 'I don't know'.3.) [U]the ability to feel shame▪ How could you do such a thing? Have you no shame ?4.) shame on you/him/them etcspoken used to say that someone should feel guilty or embarrassed because of something they have done▪ Shame on you, Fred. I thought you were my friend!5.) put sb/sth to shameto be so much better than someone or something else that it makes the other thing seem very bad or ordinary▪ His cooking puts mine to shame.shame 2shame2 v [T]1.) to make someone feel ashamed▪ It shames me to say it, but I lied.▪ He felt shamed and humiliated by the treatment he had received.2.) shame sb into doing sthto force someone to do something by making them feel ashamed▪ His wife shamed him into handing the money back.3.) to be so much better than someone else that you make them seem bad or feel embarrassed▪ Their training record shamed other companies.4.) to make someone feel they have lost all honour and respect▪ She had shamed her family name (=done something that made her family lose honour) .
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.